William Ockham joins the general view that in its natural capacities, the intellectual soul of Christ is nobler than any other human being’s soul, but he does not think that Christ is omniscient or omnipotent in his human nature. Despite this, Ockham genuinely believes that Christ did not sin during his earthly life. He did not have any intrinsically sinful acts which are acts of the will, nor even acts that can be extrinsically sinful, such as acts of the sensory appetite like the desire to fornicate. Furthermore, Christ did not have the tinder of sin which inclines ordinary human beings to commit sinful acts. Christ had, instead, a kind of inner rebellion against reason and will. His sensory acts, such as feeling hungry, thirsty, and tired were not always in accordance with his reason and will. As viator, Christ had the greatest possible amount of delight. Since God miraculously prevented the sadness-excluding effect of beatitude and delight in his soul, there was at the same time sadness in him. In heaven, the sadness in Christ is now absent. In Ockham’s writings, the psychology of Christ also applies to Christ’s presence in the Eucharist. Ockham considers that Christ being present in the Eucharist can have all the same actions and passions as when existing circumscriptively in a place.

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Journal of the History of Metaphysics

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Print ISSN: 1379-2547 Online ISSN: 2295-9033

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