"Odo of Cambrai and the Investiture Crisis in the Early Twelfth Century." When Odo of Cambrai was elected bishop of Cambrai on 2 July 1105, both he and his monks at the monastery of Saint Martin of Tournai may have grieved. Since 1093, Cambrai had been involved in an unresolved dispute between the pope and the emperor over the investiture of its prelate. When Odo was elected as the reform candidate in 1105, the see remained contested. Soon after, a conflict involving Count Robert II of Flanders, Emperor Henry V, and the pope would force Odo to flee Cambrai. Odo explains his flight as the result of his refusal to accept the symbols of episcopal authority from the emperor. Other sources, however, contradict him and assert that Odo unwisely accepted ring and staff from the emperor, and he was forced to leave Cambrai under suspicion by Pope Paschal II. This paper evaluates both Odo's role during the controversy in Cambrai and the reasons for his exile.

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Medieval and Renaissance Studies

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Print ISSN: 0083-5897 Online ISSN: 2031-0234

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